PERSONAL REFLECTION

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
SECOND  SEMESTER
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Monday 06.05 – Friday 10.05 – This week I was indicating  strategies for my exhibition and explored different ways in which my project can be developed ready for the exhibition. I start thinking about issues such as the type of frames and also try to show the reasoning behind this needs and reserch into Post Graduate Study/ Employment and try to thoroughly documented it.

Final Week on Major Project

Monday 06.05 – Friday 10.05 – Its been a packed week, but I managed to accomplish everything almost everything, I still think I could add something more, but did not have enought of time. I had hoped within the week I assembles all of the final designs, completing the  posters, which overall I feel are really powerful as a serie. All my designs have also been printed out ready for my portfolio. I feel the photographs are not as strong as the actual products which is a shame, but they do the job, presenting the designs in a professional way. All I have left to do over the weekend, is annotate the final designs stuck up during the week, and sketch ideas for where I would have taken my project next. All in all im completely on track to hand in on Wednesday.

To hand in the final Major project on Wednesday

Monday 22.04 – Friday 26.04 – This week I feel like I’ve achieved a lot! Finally my logo design was finished and all my posters designs are now almost finish and ready to be assemble, and there is four more poster to design and it will be completed. I feel wednesday was a slightly less successful day but that was purely because the whole day was spent on the group promotion module meaning nothing was accomplished in relation to the major project. A number of meetings were attended in relation to what needs to be accomplished by each team in the next few weeks. Overall I feel a lot was achieved.

Logo 1

Logo Design for Posters & Information Design

Two weeks to GO on Major Project!

Monday 15.04 – Friday 19.04 – Its been a great week and I’ve managed to achieve a lot. This week I was working on my information design and was finishing some elements which is relate to it, as well as was designing my symbuls in Illustrator. I like working on this type of designs, adding right typeface and choosing colours, but still it is no time to relax I still have so much more to do. Another thing I experimented with this week is screen printing my poster design in one colour.

Monday 08.04 – Friday 12.04 –  This week I was traveling a bit around East London and South Essex, and taking some possible photos for my project. I have choose some place where I to go: East Tilbury, Tilbury Power Station, Coryton Refinery, Canvey Island, Silwer Town Factory, Grays, Container Store, CSM Haulage Contractors, Basildon, car breakers yards, scrab yards and all other possible dark and dirty places. After all this journey I was editing photos in style of – Chuck Anderson. This artist working mostly just with the lights, by adding bright shadows on some elements. Also I was continued doing my posters, I decided that I will have seventeen typographical posters and each will contain some important fact about recycling, this theme with graphic posters and information design will emphasize the main reason for my project and it topic, which is – How Recycling can be relate to Graphic Design.

 Plan for journey / location for outside photo shoot

DSC_0075

7A     16A     1B

Photos from my journey

Monday 01.04 – Friday 05.04 –  This week has been extremely successful! The main reason for this is right now I am finally know what I will do for my final design and this week I was planing all my journey in more deep detailes. The other reason is that my crit with Tony went really well, he thought all my ideas were working, however I could experiment further with type styles for posters. I’ve managed to roughly work out exactly what I want on each design. I feel as though I have definitely accomplished a lot this week, but theres still a long way to go.

Monday 25.03 – Friday 29.03 – This week was all about the style experiments. I done some research on London Transport Posters’s, (and other poster designs, mostly I have look at typeface/bloc posters) as I think they have very interesting layers and strong colours, and this I think what I would like to see at my final posters, I done some experimentation and finally understand that I want see them as typographical design, I am more into typography. I feel the style is really starting to form now, which I’m really excited about, still a lot to do though!

Monday 18.03 – Friday 22.03 – The mind map which I done last week really help me to sort out my ideas and maybe this is the reason why I have done a lot of work this week. The first what I was doing this week is skaching ideas for my packaging design, I have research a lot of different recycling packaging designs, and also try to think on a range of different ways how my packaging design can look like and after a lot of different experiments, I come up with idea to make packaging box from already used objects and just reused it. The packaging boxes I want to use to present my handmade bomb seeds, (which I was doing during last few weeks) so boxes need to be small and I decide to use boxes from the eggs.

IMG_2238     IMG_2239

Idea for packaging design

Monday 11.03 – Friday 15.03 – This week I was continue doing my posters and planning my information design. I done some more reaserch on information designs examples and sort out all information which will be used for my design. I was working on layers for my information design, I done the sketches of exact layers, possible typeface which will be used, colours and work out on some elements and symbols. Also this week we will be attending the New Designers – Prepare day. So a very busy week but I feel a lot has been accomplished.

Monday 04.03 – Friday 08.03 – Its been a great week, now I’ve got my style sorted out, the designs are really starting to come together quite quickly! Theres still a lot to do though. One thing I was experimenting with this week was leaflets which is contain information about recycling and reusing. However this ides was not as I was imagining. Also I need to research on information design layers and designs and I thing the first book which I will look at it will be – Information Is Beautiful.

Monday 25.02 – Friday 01.03 – This week I feel has been an extremely successful week, all style experiments are complete and my ideas will hopefully be well on the way soon. Time is disappearing really quick so now I’ve decided upon my style I need to make the final push. All my experimentation with idea of Air Balloons is very interesting and bright but when I start geting more deep in to it help me to understand that this is not what I need. The information design and range of posters can be much more strong.

Monday 18.02 – Friday 22.02 – I done already a lot of differen experiment and maybe it already time for star my final. But this week I come out with a bit different ideas. I was inspired by cartoons ‘UP’ (by tying thousands of balloons to his home, 78-year-old Carl sets out to fulfill his lifelong dream to see the wilds of South America. Russell, a wilderness explorer 70 years younger, inadvertently becomes a stowaway) which is took me to completely different direction and opened other view point for me on subject about Recycling, but not make straight decisions yet. I start planing some pages for children book, thinking about little story of rubbish and how thousands of balloons can take it away from Earth.

DSC_0056     DSC_0062     DSC_0063

Monday 11.02 – Friday 15.02 – This week I was still continue working on collages (typographical, illustration, photographical), because I think I did try different layouts with context so now  I can see if it would works with all my context. Also I think it is good to start mocking up some of my ideas, sometimes little sketches can become as a final design. On this stage, I start panicing, because I have a lot of ideas and not much time to explore all what I want to.

Monday 04.02 – Friday 08.02 – This week I done some useful research on the industry waste around the world. Futher more I can use this research for my information design or posters. Also this week I have done some experimentation with collage, I think I need to continued with this style but I think I also will try different compositions and layout. It will give me an idea what type of font and illustration to have on the design as well as look at some designers. This week I was traveling around to take some more photos for my project (Redbridge, Caning Town Upcycling Festival). However we had an interim crit with members of the group which I found extremely helpful.

p378c      images

Industry waste

Monday 28.01 – Friday 01.02 – This week I ran a number of experiments with collages and also I was sketching down potential ideas to take my project further. I done mind map with some ideas about what I can do next and what is possible ways to go. On Saturday I will go to visit Kurt Schwitters Exhibition, I think it will be very successful day, because I am working now with collages and his work can really inspired me for new ideas and experiments.

Monday 21.01 – Friday 25.01 – This week I was exploring different approaches also I pick a section to experiment with mixed media and different layers. Other interesting thing what I was doing this week is discussing my project into a group and with that discussion take some notes and what is relevant that I can cary further for my project as well as I was helping others in the group with my ideas and opinions about their work.

DSC_0049     DSC_0050     DSC_0048

Experimenting with collages

Monday 14.01 – Friday 18.01 – This week I done some reserch and also look on different posters design and work flat out on ideas, style, approaches to composition. On this stage very important to be systematic, also I explore various methods and look on  Juli Cady Ryan work and try to work in here style. Also I done some research on World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) advertising, Recycling Truck Project and Plant-for-the-Planet.

DSC_0042     DSC_0044

Over the holiday period I feel i have been really productive. It took me a while to get back into the project, but now I’m back in the swing of things and the ball if definitely rolling. I had a crit with Dave this week, the first of the year. I found it extremely helpful, as it allowed me to express my initial ideas and receive some feedback on them. It also allowed me to have a clear idea in my mind of where to go next and which designs he thought were working best. We not actually back on timetable to next week however ive been working on getting all my ideas sketched down on paper. Quite a bit of research has also been collected this week due to the nature of my project being research heavy.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
FIRST  SEMESTER
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Thursday 13.09 – Friday 14.09 – Thursday were officially first day when we back from summer holiday we were shown a series of examples from lasts years graduates. We looked at the different ways that presented their proposals in a visual way to stimulate and engage the viewer. This helped me a bit to understand what will happens next  and create image in my mind of what we are heading towards achieving when presenting our proposals. Also we look over time scales for both the theory and practical project.I had the opportunity to talk to the teachers one on one as well as other students about my project ideas, I have done a bit of research durring my summer holiday. This allowed me to set targets to achieve next week. I really can not wait to start back next week and get going with all my ideas.

Monday 17.09 – Friday 21.09 – This week start extremely quick, a lot of things was going on. If last week I was confident at my short Research Project and knew what it will be about, than now I get confused. I choosed few more themes and done some more research to make sure I am doing project which will be really interesting for me:

  • How does Typography Improved during past Years,
  • Teenagers and Technology,
  • Grown up Digitaly,
  • Books or Net,
  • Make Do and Mend.

The Theme such as ‘Make Do and Mend’ become very interesting and new for me and I decided to explore more this subject 

DSC_0022

…my project was inspired by ‘Make Do and Mend’

Some useful websites:

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Teenagers-Technology-Adolescence-Society-Davies/dp/0415684587/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1347632666&sr=1-1

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Born-Digital-John-Palfrey/dp/0465018564/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1347632766&sr=1-2

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Grown-Up-Digital-Generation-Changing/dp/0071508635/ref=pd_sim_b_1

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Future-Minds-Digital-Changing-Matters/dp/185788549X/ref=pd_sim_b_5

Monday 24.09 – Friday 28.09 – This week I have continued researching and it help me with my final decision what my project will be about. I decide that my project will be about Recycling and Waste in relation to Graphic Design and Eco Fashion. This week I read some books which relate to my theme and will be reserching into more books. Also I have reserch on some questions which I planning include to my qualitative or quantitative research if it will be appropriated in relation to the subject. I really think this week was really successful, I spent a lot of time this week working on my first proposal draft for my practical project and also done some book research for my Thesis. As I already done some summer research on my Thesis theme, I exactly know topic for my Thesis will be: Piracy and Plagiarism in Graphic Design.

Monday 1.10 – Friday 5.10 – I find this week a bit stressful for me, as I understand that is not a lot of time left just 4 weeks and I still need to do so much things. This week I done a lot of reserch on different websites, articles, infographics and examples on recycling and waste in relation to art. Also I wrote some questions and tryed to design my own questionnaires, which I still need to work on. I planning to finish it for next week and distribute around Havering College to see designers oppinion about recycling. This week I have also been working on my proposal research which is really coming together now, so next week I need to work on writing my proposal plan, as currently I have a large amount of research.

Next Step:

DSC_0068

Mind Map

DSC_0025     DSC_0024

This is my little mind map, which helped me researching more deeply into my subject.

Monday 8.10 – Friday 12.10 –  This week was really successful, after an intense few days I have finally finished my Quantitative and Qualitative research. I spent a lot of time this week working on my Quantitative and Qualitative questionnaires, I have design my A4 double sided sheet and distributed them around Fashion/Textile designers, Fine Art artist and Graphic Designers. All together it was 55 participants different genders and ages groups. I have analised my questionnaires and I think it was really  successful answers. I done this type of research for first time and I am really proud that I learn something new for my self. Also this week I went to Canning Town Market to find more about Eco Fashion, Recycling things and upcycling method. I done good pictures I spend great time by doing my reserch.

Camden Town Market Trip:

IMG_9530

I went to Camden Town Market to find more information about Recycling / Upcycling objects and clothes,

which also related to my project.

IMG_9546     IMG_9549

more pictures in book or at the blog’s gallery….

Research Question:

  • What is Recycling and why is it so important for contemporary society?
  • Can Recycling be a creative act?
  • What is Upcycling?
  • Recycling vs. Upcycling: What is the difference?
  • How does the UK Recycle in comparison to other countries?
  • What the cost of Recycling?
  • Upcycling –
 a Solution to Textile Waste?
  • How to make Upcycling Globally available and locally feasible?
  • What does “Sustainability” mean?
  • How can Graphic Design be related to Recycling?
  • What is Eco-fashion?
  • What is Fast Fashion and what has its impact been?

Quantitative  Research: Havering College of Further and Higher Education

A questionnaire was distributed to fifty-five participants (designers) at Havering College (17/10/2012 – 18/10/2012) to gather information regarding their knowledge about Recycling and how many of them care about it. The quantitative research explored designer’s barriers to recycling at home. Recycling at home is very important. The amount of waste that comes from one neighbourhood on a daily basis is enormous (McCorquodale and Hanaor, 2006). The objective of the research was to generate a more rigorous and in-depth understanding of what prevents designers from recycling. This research has led to some important fresh thinking about how different age and gender groups might be engaged more effectively with recycling practices. The analysis of quantitative research showed that 45 percent of designers feel they have a satisfactory level of knowledge in terms of recycling and just 1.8 percent regarded their knowledge level poor. In terms of knowledge regarding upcycling 52.2 percent of participants indicated a degree of awareness, whereas 1.8 percent suggested they had no prior knowledge about the subject. However, upcycling is such an important practice in design because it reduces waste. It uses materials for the same or alternative purpose than they were first used. This term was first coined by William McDonough a renowned architect, designer, and author of Cradle To Cradle who saw that instead of looking at things from a ‘cradle to grave’ perspective, where things are expected to eventually end up in the dump, no longer of any use. Designers could instead design with reuse in mind, each component being a ‘nutrient’ feeding the next use which could be made of it. Cradle to cradle, in other words, gives new life to materials once destined for a landfill. (Braungart, M. and McDonough, W., 2009) The questionnaire previously mentioned was also designed to answer the subsidiary questions, which could inform the project further in terms of other people’s views and opinions.

Questionnaire:

Questionnaire -2     Questionnaire -1

Example of Quantitative and Qualitative draft Analysis.

Monday 15.10 – Friday 19.10 – This week has simply been a case of finalising ideas on both the theory and practical. Books and websides really help me with my ideas and to come with my final decision.  All this reserch help me to make my mind and now I have number of ideas which I have to experiment with for the visual presentation, but this week I have to make a decision on which I feel has the most potential to take forward. This week I have also been working on writing an proposal plan and handed it into the tutors to receive some feedback. Once feedback is received I will then be able to refine my ideas and start to piece together quotes and examples.

Books:

Web-sides:

Monday 22.10 – Friday 26.10 – This week was a complete nightmare! My initial idea of the concertina book made of photographic posters did not work and I start panicking because I understand that is limited time left on this project, and visual presentation should be really strong and my idea did not work, what to do next..?! This could potentially be a problem that couldn’t be resolved. But I wasn’t about to give up on my idea that easy. I have talk to my tutor which really help me first stop panicking and help me with my new idea. I decided instead of concertina book, it will be little A5 box with photographical posters about recycling, made by upcycling technic.  I think this week was the bes time when I  have took very successful photos for my visual presentation. This week was also spent writing my proposal, which has turned out really well so far, but still needs a bit of work.

Upcycling is a process in which disposable or discarded items are repurposed to make them valuable, useful, or simply aesthetically pleasing. Upcycling is designed to work in opposition to consumer culture, encouraging people to think of new and innovative ways to use things, instead of simply buying new consumer goods. It also benefits the environment, by promoting reuse over discarding whenever possible. Recycling is the conversion of waste products into new materials, such as waste paper which  can be converted into new paper goods. Recycling is a lengthy circular process which has to include transportation of collected materials to a processing facility where they are cleaned and sorted.  The new materials that have been converted must comply with the same safety legislation and health and hygiene regulations as products made from virgin materials.  We can only say a product has been recycled when it has been purchased and used again.

Its been a manic week. Its just hit me how much I have to do in so little time! I really need to start producing my posters and box at the beginning of next week. This weekend I will need to create my presentation, looking at my aims and goals. I still have a lot to do but I am feeling extremely positive about the process.

Photographical Posters:

Monday 29.10 – Friday 31.10 – The research period is officially over, and I managed to get everything completed in time only one thing which I feel really sorry for my self because I did not have enough time to put all my research into my book and some of my thumbnails also did not stick in my book. I had a crazy week trying to finalize my visual presentation box, which put me under a lot of pressure. I had a lot of initial worries about my presentation but  I think everything came together in the end which was good. The presentation was a real nervous moment but it went not too bad. Now I need to put all my focus on my theory, as I have ignored it for a while due to the intense practical period.
Finals – Proposal and Visual Presentation:
<<< Development of ideas and concepts >>>

Recycling in relation to Graphic Design and Eco Fashion

Society has changed since the environmental movements of the ’60s and ’70s, and it has changed even more since World War 2. The culture has become extremely sceptical of, even hostile to, sincerity, conviction and inspiration. (Siegel, Morris, 2011)

Context

This paper introduces an initial proposal for the research project. The aim of this project is to examine Recycling and Waste in relation to Graphic Design and Eco Fashion. The proposal will look at initial questions, designs ideas, theories, and will commence a journey from the general subject ideas and concepts through to the research methodology employed to date. It will consider themes such as how society can encourage greater recycling and general ecological awareness. In addition how such factors could be considered in relation to Eco Fashion and Graphic Design will be discussed. Furthermore, in recent years the design industry has expanded ‘upcycling’ practices which aim to guide textile waste back into production. The so-called upcycling method, or upward re-processing, is defined as bringing waste back into the consumption chain through design by placing it higher up in that chain than it previously was. This incorporates environmental as well as commercial and aesthetic value – while also accounting for the product’s future. (McDonough and Braungart, 2002) The project will also analyse the positive and negative aspects of recycling and recycling vs. upcycling, thus considering the differences between these terms. The main focus will be on how designers can help improve the environment through recycling practices and to what extent this is evident today. The advantages and disadvantages of common interrelations between the way clothes are produced today, and how this can be environmentally damaging, will also be considered. The textile and fashion industries consume huge quantities of resources, such as water and energy, use toxic chemicals, rely heavily on transportation which uses additional resources, produces a large amount of waste, and is implicated in human rights violations in developing countries.

(McDonough and Braungart 2002)

Research Question (Primary)

  • What is Recycling and why is it so important for contemporary society?
  • Can Recycling be a creative act?
  • What is Upcycling?
  • Recycling vs. Upcycling: What is the difference?

 Research Question (Subsidiary)

  • How does the UK Recycle in comparison to other countries?
  • What the cost of Recycling?
  • Upcycling –
a Solution to Textile Waste?
  • How to make Upcycling Globally available and locally feasible?
  • What does “Sustainability” mean?
  • How can Graphic Design be related to Recycling?
  • What is Eco-fashion?
  • What is Fast Fashion and what has its impact been?

 Research Question (Complimentary)

  • What impact sustainability in future?

Target Audience

The project would initially be aimed at different ages and gender groups of designers to raise their knowledge about Recycling as well as Upcycling and Sustainability and perhaps demonstrate that Recycling could be creative process. The audience as designers can potentially make changes in society, by helping change the way people think and the way they act. In this sense, designers are uniquely positioned to shift the action of many people. (Dougherty, 2008)

Research Methodology to date – Primary Research

Quantitative Research: Havering College of Further and Higher Education

A questionnaire was distributed to fifty-five participants (designers) at Havering College (17/10/2012 – 18/10/2012) to gather information regarding their knowledge about Recycling and how many of them care about it. The quantitative research explored designer’s barriers to recycling at home. Recycling at home is very important. The amount of waste that comes from one neighbourhood on a daily basis is enormous. (McCorquodale and Hanaor, 2006) The objective of the research was to generate a more rigorous and in-depth understanding of what prevents designers from recycling. This research has led to some important fresh thinking about how different age and gender groups might be engaged more effectively with recycling practices. The analysis of quantitative research showed that 45 percent of designers feel they have a satisfactory level of knowledge in terms of recycling and just 1.8 percent regarded their knowledge level poor. In terms of knowledge regarding upcycling 52.2 percent of participants indicated a degree of awareness, whereas 1.8 percent suggested they had no prior knowledge about the subject. However, upcycling is such an important practice in design because it reduces waste. It uses materials for the same or alternative purpose than they were first used. This term was first coined by William McDonough, a renowned architect, designer, and author of Cradle To Cradle who saw that instead of looking at things from a “cradle to grave” perspective, where things are expected to eventually end up in the dump, no longer of any use. Designers could instead design with reuse in mind, each component being a “nutrient” feeding the next use which could be made of it. Cradle to cradle, in other words, gives new life to materials once destined for a landfill. (Braungart, M. and McDonough, W., 2009)

The questionnaire previously mentioned was also designed to answer the subsidiary questions, which could inform the project further in terms of other people’s views and opinions.

Qualitative Research

Further questions were intended to gather knowledge about the awareness of designers in relation to Recycling and if there was anything that they thought needed to be improved upon to aid the way recycling works. A questionnaire was distributed to fifty-five participants of different ages and gender, again at Havering College (17/10/2012 – 18/10/2012).

Analysing the results of the questionnaire, it was interesting how from fifty-five designers, who were questioned ‘Why do you recycle?’ 64.8 percent said – ‘To help the environment’, 9 percent – ‘For fun’, 12.6 percentage – ‘To save money’ and 9 percent said – ‘Because we have recycling bins’.

Literature Review (Secondary Research)

As part of this project there will be consideration of ecological fashion, organic fabrics and issues of sustainability. The book Eco Fashion by Sass Brown was used to explore such issues. The book Sustainable by Design by Stuart Walker provided a greater understanding of the design process in terms of sustainability, and challenges to conventional ways of defining, designing and producing functional objects. In addition it considered Fashion and Sustainability in relation to the attraction of opposites which relate back to the project. “Fashion is merely a form of ugliness so unbearable that we are compelled to alter it every six months.” Oscar Wilde. (Walker, 2006, p. 71)

The book Sustain Able by Aaris Sherin was used to a review practical frameworks for approaching sustainable graphic design, whereas the Green Guide for Artists by Kristen Hampshire encourages artists of all types to be more eco-conscious. The book You Can Save The Planet, published by The Guardian newspaper, explains step by step how to be more ecologically minded and what people need to know, and what they can do to help, with all the facts on important issues. The book Recycle: The Essential Guide by Duncan McCorquodale and Cigalle Hanaor (introduction by Lucy Siegle) explains the hows, whats and wheres of the recycling process and considers interesting approaches to recycling in various countries around the world. In addition to books, online resources have further contributed to the development of key ideas. Articles such as ‘The World’s Largest ‘Landfill’ is in the Middle of the Ocean’ suggests seas have become landfill for rubbish and how contemporary societies have allowed this to happen. This underpinned the findings of the primary questionnaire research gathered to date, that only 5.4 percent out of 55 participants are very concerned about the environment.

Further Research

Further research will be based on Green Patriot Posters Book by Edward Morris and Dmitri Siegel, which influenced the project to look further into propaganda posters in relation to recycling and sustainability. This book brings together contemporary graphic design promoting sustainability and the fight against climate change. Green Patriot posters display an image of strength, optimism and unity and have a strong graphic design presence never resting on the tired slogans of the past “Save the Earth”, etc. Therefore next step will consider experimenting with graphic posters in relation to eco – fashion, waste and recycling which will be underpinned with qualitative or quantitative research, to gather information of people’s opinions and understanding about the concept of the posters. Diverse ranges of creative approaches need to be tested with a range of different age and gender groups.

Visual Presentation:
DSC_0012
Sketchbooks
DSC_0015
‘Recycle for a better future’ A5 Box with little posters.
DSC_0014
First page with quotes from Morris, 2011.
DSC_0016

 Deadline – Wednesday 31.10 

Thesis

Thursday 1.11 – Friday 14.12 – When research period is officially over, I has started been an intense period looking specifically at my essay and getting my ideas down on paper. I feel its more the fear of essay writing than the actual process of writing.  I am not so worry about words count, because during summer time I done good research and plan on my thesis topic, but still writtin essay I found it a bit difficult. The subject was very interesting about plagiarism in relation to Graphic Design. The aim of it is, to examine ‘Piracy and Plagiarism in relation to Graphic Design’. I have actually really enjoyed the whole process this year and I feel I have learnt a lot through writing the essay that could be applied to my practical work. I had a rough proposal already formed before I started the essay, which made it much easier to start my essay.

Thesis Proposal

<<< Piracy and Plagiarism in Relation to Graphic Design >>>

“We swim in a sea of culture, of memories about old and new, and all our acts flow out in response to what we experience. In the coming age of infinite recall, I think we will rediscover a preindustrial fact: origin is not a point but a continuum, and the process of originality is much more linked than we imagine.” (Saffo, 1994) [Online] 

Abstract

This paper introduces an initial proposal for a thesis study. The aim of it is, to examine ‘Piracy and Plagiarism in relation to Graphic Design’. This investigation will therefore consider relevant information; explore key arguments, design ideas, theories of the appropriate issues connected to plagiarism and authenticity with their similar and different sides. A brief analysis will be undertaken on synthesizing material from different sources and will commence a journey from the general subject ideas and concepts through to the research methodology. Furthermore it will consider key themes such as notions of parody, piracy, pastiche, appropriation and inspiration and where this differs from notions of plagiarism. There will be deliberation of wider related postmodern. It is also important to specify whether piracy and plagiarism in design constitute a growing problem or are simply an inspiring echo from the past.

The differences between what constitutes plagiarism as theft of one’s property or ideas and legitimate appropriation as a source of inspiration will also be considered. The theory of plagiarism in the creative arts is sophisticated and although one can endeavour to differentiate between what is ‘appropriate’ and ‘inappropriate’ moreover, there are many grey areas which require further clarification.

Research Methodology

The methodology will mainly utilise secondary methods of investigation resources such as books and websites, for more factual and updated information.

The thesis methodology will include a diachronic review, it will begin with an investigation into the early existence of visual representation, and how Graphic Design, in reference to commercial development, has largely existed as a product of the ‘first world’. (Aynsley, 2001) There will be additional consideration of the late 1970s, when alternatives to orthodox modern practice marked the advent of the so-called postmodern era of Graphic Design. Further research is connected to how the modern canon was under fire from designers who questioned the old, and sought to establish new standards to break free from the structures of the grid. (Bierut, Drenttel and Heller, 1997) In their attempts to invent something new and unknown, designers started using more and more old ideas which could be viewed as the beginning of what is now known as ‘appropriation’. The research will discuss the positive and negative aspects connected to piracy and plagiarism in relation to graphic design. Also the application of design in the digital era will be considered. (Saffo, 1997)

The thesis will be divided into two parts: theoretical and analytical. In the first part it will present theories and concepts that are most relevant and valuable for the purpose of this research. There will also be exploration of selected postmodernist theories of intersexuality and meta and database-narrations by Jean Baudrillard. Also it will consider critical analysis methods, gathering and formulating supporting evidence of differences between what constitutes plagiarism and legitimate appropriation. Which can it take on many different forms such as pastiche, parody, homage, satirical parody, plagiarism, accidental plagiarism and coincidental plagiarism. Within these copy practices, it seems that there are many instances where it may become problematic to determine whether the designer‘s intent is to conceal the source material, or, in a way, where the idea of an original is put into question. In addition there will be an analysis of instances where there are unconscious copy processes or where similarities are simply happenstance in these cases, intent cannot even be factored into the equation. Moreover, it may be possible to ‘classify‘ visual plagiarism and provide terms and descriptions for various approaches in theory, it becomes significantly more difficult to ascertain intent in a practical sense and thus apply this theory in reality.

Research Question

  • What is plagiarism and what relation does it have to Graphic Design?
  • What is appropriation?
  • What is the difference between plagiarism and coincidence?
  • Inspiration vs. plagiarism: What is the difference?
  • How has Graphic Design practice been altered during the digital era?
  • What is the definition of copyright?
  • How has the Internet influenced and impact plagiarism?

 Literature review

Secondary research, to date, has consisted of engaging with web-based information in addition to books concerning piracy and plagiarism in relation to Graphic Design.

This includes Paul Saffo’s study ‘The Place of Originality in the Information Age’ (1994). This essay discusses the effects of technology on a designer’s ability to create original works. While initially Saffo wrote about possible negative effects, in the end, he did feel that technology would further design as opposed to hinder it. In terms of postmodernism theory the book ‘Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism’ by Fredric Jameson (1991) will help to identify the key issues of modernism and postmodernism from a Marxist perspective. In this book Jameson brings to the subject an immense range of references, both in terms of artworks and theoretical discussions. A strong hypothesis linking cultural changes to changes in the place of culture will be explored in terms of the whole structure of life produced by a new phase of economic history (multinational capitalism). One of the most successful and helpful books is ‘Pioneers of Modern Graphic Design: A Complete History’ by Jaremy Aynsley (2001). It is a unique review of chronologically organized comprehensive reference work profiles all the most influential designers worldwide, from early leaders of the genre including Peter Behrens to exponents of today’s digital technology such as Jonathan Barnbrook.

Conclusion

The body of research constitutes defining and analysing the notions of plagiarism and piracy in the light of their diachronic development as well as clarifying the boundaries between various modes of use (homage, appropriation, quotation, or eclecticism) and the above mentioned phenomena. The notions of piracy and plagiarism as opposed to those of pastiche once considered, the latter seemingly implies a mere ‘borrowing’ of ideas from the past with further probability of being appropriated, thus imitating previous styles is encouraged. Therefore, there are many forms of plagiarism, being based on various factors (inexperience, using ideas accidentally or coincidentally, etc.). It is important to distinguish the boundaries between what is stolen and what is taken as exemplary work,

since what is taken as exemplary cannot be seen as plagiarism, i.e. stealing the ideas of others, conceptually. In this research it is highlighted that the idea of taking inspiration from concepts that already exist is encouraged in Graphic Design, provided the references are clearly set and not plagiarised, though it is difficult to clarify the boundaries.

I have research on some main questions, which really help me to open more my theme.

Research Question:

  •  What is plagiarism and what relation does it have to Graphic Design?
  • What is appropriation?
  • What is the difference between plagiarism and coincidence?
  •  Inspiration vs. plagiarism: What is the difference?
  •  How has Graphic Design practice been altered during the digital era?
  •  What is the definition of copyright?
  •  How has the Internet influenced and impact plagiarism?

After getting my essay so close to being finished I felt I would take a break from the essay and work on my referencing, to make sure its all completely up to date. The referencing I must say I found a bit challenging, as everything was just that little bit more complex. However i managed to get most of it written up.

Secondary research, has consisted of engaging with web-based information in addition to books concerning piracy and plagiarism in relation to Graphic Design. This includes Paul Saffo’s study ‘The Place of Originality in the Information Age’ (1994). This essay discusses the effects of technology on a designer’s ability to create original works. While initially Saffo wrote about possible negative effects, in the end, he did feel that technology would further design as opposed to hinder it. In terms of postmodernism theory the book ‘Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism’ by Fredric Jameson (1991) will help to identify the key issues of modernism and postmodernism from a Marxist perspective. In this book Jameson brings to the subject an immense range of references, both in terms of artworks and theoretical discussions.  capitalism). One of the most successful and helpful books is ‘Pioneers of Modern Graphic Design: A Complete History’ by Jaremy Aynsley (2001). It is a unique review of chronologically organized comprehensive reference work profiles all the most influential designers worldwide, from early leaders of the genre including Peter Behrens to exponents of today’s digital technology such as Jonathan Barnbrook. The body of research constitutes defining and analysing the notions of plagiarism and piracy in the light of their diachronic development as well as clarifying the boundaries between various modes of use (homage, appropriation, quotation, or eclecticism) and the above mentioned phenomena. I finally bound my work and uploaded it to safe assign.

 Deadline – Friday 14.12

Aims for Next Semester

Next semester I hope to dedicate as much time if not more as the previous semester. There is still a large amount of research to be gathered as my project is research heavy. I will need to continue sketching ideas and pushing them. One area I need to consider is the aspect of information retention among students. I will also need to remember the source is for students studying Art and Design, so information provided will need to be in depth. Overall I have throughly enjoyed this semester and look forward to the next.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

The mind map which I done last week really help me to sort out my ideas and maybe this is the reason why I have done a lot of work this week. The first what I was doing this week is skaching ideas for my packaging design, I have research a lot of different recycling packaging designs, and also try to think on a range of different ways how my packaging design can look like and after a lot of different experiments, I come up with idea to make packaging box from already used objects and just reused it. The packaging boxes I want to use to present my handmade bomb seeds, (which I was doing during last few weeks) so boxes need to be small and I decide to use boxes from the eggs.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s